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医学英语
医用口语会话

医院口语:胃肠

2014-12-17 16:53    

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胃肠Stomach & Bowels

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(1)当空腹时,他感觉胃里不舒服。

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He has a certain disagreeable felling in the stomach when it is empty.

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胃不调upset stomach

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消化不良have bad(impaired:defective)digestion;suffer from indigestion(dyspepsia)

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胃有毛病have a disordered stomach(stomach disorder);something is wrong with one's stomach.

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因过食而伤胃injure one's stomach by overeating oneself

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觉食物积滞胃中feel heavy on the stomach

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食物不易消化lie(sit)heavy on one's stomach

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自从那时起,消化便已失常。

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Thereafter,the digestion was not really good.

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曾有过一时性的恶心和呕吐,但并没有食欲不振或体重减少发生。

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Transient nausea and vomiting was present,but no anorexia or weight loss occurred.

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欲呕feel nauseated

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有晨吐have morning sickness

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夜吐(饭后恶心)nocturnal(postprandial)nausea

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晕船(车)be sea-(car-)sick

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有点恶心have(experience)some nausea

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严重的作呕have considerable retching

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里急后重时发生恶心和呕吐have a spell of N & V while straining at stool

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患食欲不振和恶心be anorexic and nauseated

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偶而恶心和呕吐develop occasional nausea and vomiting

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老是溢酸,感觉腹胀burp all the time,feel bloated

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吐出清净透明的胃容物with vomiting of clear gastric contents

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呕吐停了,消失了vomiting stopped(ceased),cleared

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止吐settle the stomach

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打噎belch(eruct;eructate)

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这病人恶心,曾呕吐了含有胆汁液体数次。

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The patient developed nausea and vomited bile-stained fluid on several occasions.

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当要呕吐时,他发觉有严重的腹上部痛和剧烈的头痛。

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With the advent of vomiting,he noted severe epigastric pain as well as severe headache.

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在第2天中午,她开始呕吐,随后呕吐胆汁质物。

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At noon on the following day she stared vomiting food,which was followed by bile- stained material.

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在病发时呕吐2次vomit twice at the onset

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极度反胃regurgitate food violently

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一小时后,他吐出不含血液的水质样东西。

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One hour later,he vomited watery material containing no blood.

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有时这病人在发作最厉害时,呕吐1、2次。

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Sometimes the patient vomited once or twice at the height of the attack.

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昨天早晨的呕吐物,被形容为含有未消化的食物和绿水,无血。

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The vomitus of yesterday morning was described as containing indigested food and

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greenish water with no evidence of blood.

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最初的呕吐物是透明的,但据说住院治疗之前的呕吐物,带有褐色。

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The vomitus was initially clear but just before hospitalization was said to brownish.

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他开始有多次、带泡沫和臭味的大便。

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He began to have frequent,frothy,foul-smelling stools.

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解大便open(relax;evacuate)the bowel;have a passage

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有便意have a call of nature

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有1次(2次)大便have a motion(two motions)

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没有大便be constipated

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平均每天大便12次averaged 12 stools daily

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发觉粪便中有很多血noticed gross blood in one's stools

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开始一天解8次松的多脂粪便began to pass 8 loose greasy stools per day

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大便增加到一天4~5次stools increased in number to 4 or 5 daily

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更换尿布时有些粪便have some stool in each diaper change

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大便次数减少了,但他仍然每天继续有2~3次大量的稀大便。

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The stools became fewer in number but he still continued to have 2~3 large loose stools daily.

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住院前2个月,她发觉黑色大便,但却把它忽略过去了。

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Two months before admission she had noticed black stools but she disregarded them.

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种类ordinary,dry,hard,loose(soft),large,watery(liquid),formed,formless,frothy,mucous,bloody,rice-water,pea-soup,tarry

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臭味odorless,extremely foul,sour,putrid,less offensive in odor,offensive but no excessively foul

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颜色black,tarry,brownish-black,brown,red,green,yellow,light-brown,grey- white(clay-colored)

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大便的粗细和硬度正常,且从未呈黑色。

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The stools were of normal caliber and consistency and have never been black.

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大便颜色很淡,并且软如泥。

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Stools were very light in color and of mushy consistence.

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他诉说间歇性腹泻与便秘交替发生。

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He complained of intermittent diarrhea alternating with constipation.

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便秘suffer from constipation

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惯性便秘habitual constipation

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时常便秘be always constipated

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有便秘倾向have a tendency to be constipated

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只有灌肠才能缓和严重的便秘one's severe constipation was relieved only by enemas

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便秘很难治,他以前常乞灵于泻药。

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The constipation was very obstinate(stubborn)and he resorted to the frequent use of cathartics.

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她的便秘逐渐严重起来,同时发觉到粪便直径变细。

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She became progressively more constipated and noted a narrowing in the caliber of

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the stools.

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晨泻,水泻,粘液性腹泻,慢性腹泻diarrhea(morning,watery,mucous,dysenteric,chronic)

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腹泻diarrhea(轻症mild,拖延的protracted,无法控制的uncontrolled,难医的intractable)

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患腹泻suffer from diarrhea;have(an attack of)diarrhea;have loose bowels

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短期的腹泻发生了a brief episode of diarrhea occurred

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开始泻腹(自然消失,于两天后消失)diarrhea commenced(spontaneously disappeared,cleared after 2 days)

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偶而泻肚子have occasional diarrhea

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腹泻厉害,在3~7次之间diarrhea varied in severity from 3 to 7 B.M.

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不得不服药be obliged to take physics

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腹泻未因吃脱脂牛奶而转佳received skim milk without any improvement in the diarrhea

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用泻药use a purgative

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他患腹泻,每天有8~10次带有粘液,脓和鲜红色血的大便。

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He developed diarrhea with the daily passage of 8~10 stools containing mucous,pus,and bright red blood.

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Ex2:以前他患过同样的腹泻,但从来没有这么严重过。

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He previously had similar attacks of diarrhea but they were never so severe.

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